Fluency in English is foundational to integration. It helps migrants find work and enables them to become part of community life. Migrants and refugees who are unable to speak English have restricted job prospects and are also more vulnerable to exploitation.
Yet data from the 2011 Census showed that 844,000 people living in England – some 1.6% of all residents – did not speak English well or at all.
Speaking up: The case for universal fluency in English examines current provision to help people learn English, the barriers to accessing ESOL teaching and British Future’s recommendations for an English language strategy which aims for universal fluency.
English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) teaching is available, through formal classes from further education providers and informal provision such as conversation clubs, often provided by charities. Yet there are long waiting lists in many parts of England for formal classes and little provision for those who work during the day. Fee regulations prevent asylum-seekers and newly-arrived spouses/partners from enrolling on subsidised provision, with full fees too costly for many. There has also been a lack of innovation by providers, with little offered to migrants who work long hours and find it difficult to attend daytime classes offered by colleges.
We recommend that the Government: